As music has evolved in the 20th and 21st centuries, so too have instrumental techniques, extending to include types of percussive articulations, air sounds, multiple sonorities, and micro intervals, expanding the variety of sounds in music.
The short demonstration videos of each technique offer explanations. Notation samples with more information and video examples on the auxiliary instruments (piccolo, alto and bass flutes) are available by clicking More Info.
Tutorial videos featuring in-depth explanations with practice suggestions, as well as videos of core pieces of contemporary flute repertoire are forthcoming. Downloadable exercises and etudes will be available in the future.
Aeolian sounds are produced with an unfocused embouchure resulting in an air sound, which matches the resonance of the fingered note.
Bisbigliando is a tremolo between different fingerings of the same pitch, often referred to as a color trill.
This technique allows one to continue breathing in air without disrupting the sustained note(s). In order not to interrupt the airstream, the plazer breathes in through the nose while continuing to play with the air in the mouth cavity.
Flutter tongue is produced by rolling the tongue behind the teeth (like an "r" syllable) while blowing into the flute. It may also be produced in the throat by vibrating the uvula (like a soft gargle).
Glissandi/Pitch Bends are produced by using smooth finger movements, or by covering and uncovering the embouchure hole with lip movement.
Harmonics are produced by overblowing a fundamental to different partials of the overtone series.
Jet whistles are produced by sealing the embouchure hole completely and blowing fast, high-pressure air through the tube (similar to warming up the instrument).
Key clicks are a percussive technique that involves strongly slapping the instrument's keys to produce a percussive sound which matches the resonance of the fingered note.
Multiphonics are two or more notes sounding simultaneously. These can be
achieved by using special fingerings and precise embouchure.
Pizzicato/Slap is a percussive sound created by an extremely dry, hard articulation, with the tongue either between the lips or in normal position. Close the throat so that no air passes through.
The combination of Singing and Playing can be done in unison or octaves, contrary motion, and harmony with the flute line.
Tongue rams are produced by sealing the the embouchure hole with the lips and propelling the tongue between the lips with a forceful air burst.
Trumpet sound is produced by buzzing the lips against the embouchure hole, like a brass instrument. The embouchure hole needs to be completely sealed.
Whistle tones are produced with very relaxed lips, open throat and an extremely slow airstream with the headjoint turned out slightly. The result is a quiet whistle.